After two years, the long awaited military offensive to retake Mosul from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) began in October 2016. In the summer of 2014, the militant group took control of the city, which has since remained their stronghold in Iraq. Preparations, both military and humanitarian, began for the offensive earlier this year. As a coalition of military forces prepared their advance, humanitarian actors prepared for the single largest and most complex humanitarian response of 2016. Over one million individuals are expected to be affected by fighting, human rights abuses and displacement in and around Mosul.
Nearly two months after military operations began civilians continue to be significantly impacted by the violence around them. By the end of 2016, 130,000 people had been displaced as a result of the military operations and many civilians, caught in the crossfire, have been killed or wounded in the fighting.
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