Lest it is forgotten, there were more than 400,000 internally displaced people from Anbar and another 220,000 Syrian refugees still lingering in the country prior to the Mosul insurgency, which erupted on June 5. Although no reliable figures are available yet regarding the actual number of people that have fled Mosul, it is reported to be the biggest exodus of families from that part of the country. Approximately 300,000 people have entered the Kurdistan areas (100,000 in Erbil and 200,000 in Duhok).
DRC is present in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), assisting Syrian refugees in camp and non-camp communities, as well as a selected case load of extremely vulnerable beneficiaries from the host communities. In other parts of Iraq, particularly in Baghdad, DRC is providing protection services and cash assistance to Internally Displaced People in the neighborhoods of Adhamyiah, Ghazalyiah, Ameryiah, Khadhra, Hettin, and Rasheed.
Program Update in KR-I
In the month of May, DRC livelihoods assistance was provided to 164 people including Syrian refugees and vulnerable households in the host communities.
In Qushtapa camp, 96 people who completed training and business planning received the first half of small grant support to establish their businesses (each grant worth between $1,000 and $1,300 USD depending on the type of business plan). After a two-month period of monitoring, each business progress will be reviewed and given the second half of the grant. An addition of 37 people in Basirma camp has completed the training and business planning phases, awaiting their grant distribution before end of June.
Job placements were provided for 31 beneficiaries (17 Syrian refugees and 14 local people) in Erbil during the month of May. Over the past four months (February to May, 2014) the number of job placements DRC provided for Syrian refugees and vulnerable people in host communities has accumulated to 200.
This month has seen a continuation of progress in coordination mechanism and the establishment of regular camp sectorial meetings (protection and shelter); thus strengthening existing inter-agency and government relations. The three coordination tools proposed by DRC (monthly planning and forecasting tool, Camp Management monthly reporting tool and the master 4-Ws format) have been endorsed by the UNHCR and the Camp Management Working Group to be standardized across all camps in Erbil.
An assortment of WASH kits was distributed in Qushtapa Camp in the month of May covering 4,638 individuals. Also, the promotion of hygiene education and regular maintenance of all WASH facilities were carried out in Qushtapa camp to enhance good hygiene practice among the residents.
DRC has completed the construction of four additional sections of shelter in Qushtapa Camp. Each section contains 36 plots; altogether accommodating a total of 144 tent slabs and 36 kitchen areas.
Core Relief Item
A total of 1,586 households in Qushtapa and Basirma Camps received 31,720L of kerosene for their May allotment.
Program Update in South/Central Iraq:
A one-day workshop took place in Baghdad on June 3rd to gather lessons learnt from a multi-year technical vocation and educational training (TVET) project that was implemented by DRC in collaboration with the Iraqi Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MoLSA) with funding from AusAID. The workshop brought together 42 participants including officials of MoLSA, Directors of vocational training centers, Local NGO partners, beneficiaries of the project and project staff from DRC. The information gathered from the workshop will be inputted to compliment final evaluation report of the project.
Interviews of IDPs with special protection needs are ongoing in Baghdad governorate in seven communities including: Adhamyiah, Ghazalyiah, Ameryiah, Khadhra, Dorra, Ma-alif and Sweb. New interviews totaling 415 (195 males and 220 females) were conducted and fourteen (14) cases that required legal assistance were referred to the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Baghdad.
The sum of $18,200 USD was disbursed as cash assistance to 87 IDPs in the month of May. Adding the previous assistance since March 2014, DRC has distributed thus far, a total amount of $55,630 USD in cash assistance to 223 heads of family (153 females and 70 males) residing in six neighborhoods of Baghdad, namely: Adhamyiah, Ghazalyiah, Ameryiah, Khadhra, Hettin, and Rasheed.
Story from the field:
A ceremony organized to distribute grants to beneficiaries of DRC’s Livelihoods project was attended by the Mayor of Qushtapa, Kak Kamaron, the Head of Asayish, Kak Abdul Rehman and other government officials from Qushtapa. The Mayor expressed his gratitude to DRC and UNHCR for the successful livelihood project; stating, “We support this project as it makes people self-reliant and independent. This is the way forward in the current situation.”
Also, Hasan Nawaf, one of the beneficiaries who received a grant thanked DRC; saying, “Now I can work for myself and support my family.”