71 Household (HH) surveys and Key Informant (KI) interviews were conducted in Erbil city between 15th and 29th of September 2014. The assessment targeted refugees and IDPs in urban non-camp settings.
The assessment’s main objective was to identify shelter specific winterization needs in order to inform winterization programme design and subsequent implementation.
Main findings suggest that although refugees and IDPs living in individual housing have better access to personal winterization assets than IDPs living in communal buildings, they tend to have greater needs in terms of shelter.
By contrast, IDPs and refugees who currently live in communal finished buildings—such as churches and mosques, schools, hotels or partly constructed buildings—have access to better-insulated shelter than do refugees or IDPs who occupy individual housing. However, their access to personal assets is often less, and they have frequently to share assets with other families.
The Syrian and IDP respondents living in unfinished buildings are extremely vulnerable due to extremely poor insulation and direct exposure to weather conditions. However, the Syrian families did have sufficient winterization items, whereas the relatively newly arrived IDPs had very little assets.
Overall, the refugees and IDPs interviewed lack many of the most essential winterization items and are in need of additional supplies.
The majority of respondents reported heaters and fuel as their most urgent need, followed by clothes and blankets.